Herbs have been used for many thousands of years for their medicinal properties. In China this herb first described by Shen Nong in the 1st century BC. He became the first ‘materia medica’. All current work of today are based on this.
The traditional Chinese herbal therapy uses substances from plant, mineral and animal origin. Chinese herbal preparations are present in raw form, powder form, pills and decocties. Chinese herbal therapy is different from the Western herbal medicine. While in the western herbal medicine are the biochemical components is important in order to describe the operation of the various herbs, Chinese pharmacopoeia has an energetic description.
Along with acupuncture herbal therapy is an important pillar within Chinese medicine. Chinese pharmacotherapy includes more than 6,000 different medical substances with different properties for correcting distortions in the balance. Today there are approximately 600 different herbs used in treatments.
The herbs are classified broadly into two groups. The first group comprises the temperature-specific properties of herbs, such as hot (re), warm (wen), cold (han), neutral (ping) and aromatic. The second group includes the flavor properties of herbs, such as sour (suan), bitter (ku), sweet (gan), seasoned (xin) and salty (xian).
The different combinations of temperature characteristics and flavor properties of herbs give certain properties that the yin and yang energy flows can influence. A sour, bitter and salty taste are related to yin, while yang is related to sweet. As a result, herbs can be used for promoting, for example, heat, cooling, neutralizing or promote stagnation. It is also important to recognize that a particular herb does not have a single property. Almost always there is a certain combination of properties and temperature which has an impact on one to several organs. Warm herbs can be used for disruption of the heat balance. These herbs have to be combined with a hot-energy feature with herbs with a cooling and cold energy so that the predominant tone is cooling. In the pharmacotherapy with Chinese herbs, there are relatively few neutral herbs.
Specific effects of taste properties of herbs in the Chinese medicine
The treatments every taste has a specific function. Acid has an astringent or thickening effect. Herbs are prescribed with a sour taste in treatments of deficits, persistent cough, chronic diarrhea, incontinence, and other indications of hypo-metabolism. In TCM, these indications seen as deficiency or cold patterns.
The bitter taste has the function of, for example, the elimination of heat, purifying irregularities, lowering of qi and improve appetite. The bitter herbs are primarily used in hot patterns, such as an acute phase of an infection, fluid in the heat or hypothermia, such as arthritis.
The sweet taste has the function of the fine tuning, enhancing, wetting and harmonization of major systems in the human body, including the digestive system, the respiratory system, the immune system, and endocrine systems. The missing flavor relieves acute situations and prevent pain caused by the contractions of muscles. They are mainly used in the treatment of deficits in situations such as dry cough, improper functioning of the digestive tract such as in the spleen and imbalance.
Spice with a pungent flavor having a spreading and promoting effect on the qi and revitalizing blood. This group of herbs stimulate the glands with sweet features to perspire, recycling qi, activating the meridians and organs function, cons improves the blood circulation by stimulating blood anymore. These herbs have mainly a positive effect on the activation and improvement of metabolism. These herbs are primarily used in the treatment of external causes (for example, common cold), if the meridians function and the organs are weakened, and the circulation of blood is influenced. In Traditional Chinese Medicine is this refers to a stagnation of qi and blood accumulation.
Salt herbs are brought into relation with the strength of muscles and tissue. The salty taste can open gland openings and closing. Salt medication is applied in painful locations, inflammation, cysts and lesions
A distinguishing feature of Chinese herbal therapy, the efficacy which is determined by the composition. Other forms of herbal therapy, as Western herbal medicine, herbs are prescribed mainly consisting of single or combined functions. Unlike Western Herbal Therapy Chinese herbs write scholars hardly a single herb to treat a particular condition. There is a therapy comprising a plurality of herbs composite which may include between four to twenty herbs.
Herbal therapy can be prescribed in various ways, such as in form of pills or tablets, capsules, powder, extract, alcohol and / or water-extract. Most recipes are simple because the user does not need time-consuming preparations to carry and can be easily ingested. However, the concentration of these products is low and it is not possible for the practitioner to adjust the quantities of the ingredients. These drugs will not be as efficient and effective as the traditional preparation of a herbal tea.
The preparation of such a herbal tea is one of the traditional Chinese medicine. The herbal tea is concentrated. The therapist suggests a daily dose of this herbal tea and packaged together these quantities in a suit. A patient should each day to prepare a suit in accordance with the instructions and take the desired action. The herbs can be easily prepared at home by the user. The herbs should be boiled in water for a period of half an hour to an hour. The herbal tea can be taken several times a day.
Another way of a modern way of taking medication is by means of granulated herbs, which are high in terms of concentration. These kinds of powder can be prepared by means of the herbs to prepare infusions. Herbal tea in the dried form is then introduced until there is a residue of powder. The composition and quantities of the powder are always set for each patient and prepared in accordance with a patient-specific prescription. The herbal tea can then be obtained again through the powder with hot water to boil. This prevents a long process of boiling the herbs at home by the user, but nevertheless to maintain the initial potency.